This time of the year is vital for millions of students across Brazil. The entrance examinations season for advanced schooling begins with the National High School Examination (ENEM), organized through the Ministry of Education. The inscricao enem 2018 was originally brought to assess the standard of secondary-level education in the united states, but it has evolved into a content test now used for other purposes. Some examples are used as an admissions test for the main federal universities and also other public institutions, as being a strong influence on the distribution of financial support to students, and also as a requirement for fellowships and programs including the Science Without Borders program.
You can find almost 8 million students enrolled for this particular year’s exam, who are competing for approximately 250 thousand places within the federal advanced schooling system, the so-called Unified Selection System (SISU). This examination is provided simultaneously through the entire whole country, in the old kind of printed examination copies requiring hand-written responses; this presents many logistical challenges and represents a big cost. Furthermore, the thought of the test itself has proven detrimental to secondary education, as brilliantly discussed by Simon Schwartzman inside a recent article.
To begin with, the growing dominance of this exam-which requires rather deep understanding of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, English, Portuguese, history, geography and writing- now effectively shapes the high school curriculum with clear disadvantages for those who is not going to take part in the SISU and to those who usually do not want to apply to any college whatsoever. As stated by Luiz Carlos Freitas in their blog, it is known that policies according to “decisive” tests are getting to be a significant detriment on the learning technique of the students. Actually, it really is worth mentioning that California has just banned its high school graduation exit exam. The SFGate reported, “Some studies showed that many California students who didn’t pass the exit exam performed along with people who did, if it arrived at other academic indicators for example annual standardized tests and sophistication work, indicating that factors other than academic ability may be at play.”
In Brazil, we ought to develop a secondary education curriculum that could accommodate a specific level of diversity, as is carried out in many other countries, not a single curriculum oriented to a examination that may be not connected to all. A standard, general education core should be the basis of most programs, combined with elective paths that provide either a much more specific and deeper knowledge for those who desire to pursue further academic studies or even a more specialized advanced schooling career or professional or technical preparation for graduates which will go into the labor market upon completing studies. As noted by Schwarztman, “the secondary school should be a period of training and qualification, general and professional, instead of an extended preparatory course to a college that very few will attend”. Thus, the enem 2018 edital would have to be modified, centering on the evaluation from the secondary degree of instruction, taking into account the inevitable diversity students and student objectives inside the system. It needs to be a general knowledge test having a give attention to communication and mathematical reasoning with assorted evaluations for that different paths which will be pursued by different students, such as a certification system to the technical and professional careers.
From the logistics viewpoint, it can be clear the old kind of printed tests applied across the country is insane, as well as the exam should be offered at different moments and in different locations, using modern communication and data technologies and devices, as employed to administering tests elsewhere around the world.
One of the main justifications in the “unified entrance character” of your sisu 2018 was it will make use of advanced schooling more democratic, because it will allow students through the town to get a location at any federal university anywhere in the country. However, besides the possible lack of financial support for students to go with other places to analyze, the use of an enormous test creates a more elitist situation. HEIs located in regions faraway from the greater developed section of the country have some of their degree programs full of students who definitely have relocated from wealthier region and skewing dexspky96 local applicant pool. This pushes cut-off scores higher, along with the universities lose the possibility of selecting students more suited to the institution’s professional and pedagogical objectives. In spite of the current policy of reserving a minimum of 50% from the new enrollment with quotas for college students from certain racial groups or low socio-economic status, the funnel appears to get even more competitive, exaggerating further inequitable use of tertiary education. In the 2015 selection process, for example, the ration of applications per area in the quota group was more than in the open group.
In fact, previous studies indicate that this great largest part of seats at federal universities in Brazil will continue to be occupied by students who come from more educated families, who studied in good private schools or even the few public schools of excellence which exist across the country. Evidently, it has a direct correlation using the socio-economic status of the family, resulting in an asymmetry within the selection process, perpetuating the inequalities in the Brazilian society. This really is another example of the many challenges that Brazil must immediately face, specially in education, so that you can continue development towards a far more just and democratic country.